China uses grey zone tactics to keep the conflict alive with its neighbour. Rather than causing large-scale military escalations, they use small provocative methods to threaten the enemy. Similarly, China is flying its copied flankers along the Line of Actual Control with India challenging the country’s sovereignty.
China’s intrusion in no man’s land
Since the humiliating defeat in Galwan, China has continuously tried to provoke the Indian armed forces. Violating the Confidence Building Major line, Chinese fighter jets have been flying very close to the Line of Actual Control.
Also read: 2 years of the day when India forcefully changed the rules of engagement with China
As per the government sources, Chinese fighter jets, including J-11, are flying along the 10 km no man’s land in eastern Ladakh, which was established for the Confidence Buildings. Countering the provocations, India too has deployed its powerful fighter jets like MiG-29, Mirage 2000 and newly inducted Rafale.
The J-11 fighter jet is the licensed version of the Su-27SK fighter, also known as the flanker. Violating the co-production agreement with Russia, the copied-flanker is manufactured by the Shenyang Aircraft Corporation of China. Using the Chinese avionics technology, China has tried to copy the Russian technology in its updated version of J-11.
China – The Copycat
There are about a dozen highly sophisticated military hardware that China has tried to copy from the world. Like the J-11, the second copy that China has produced are:-
|Original Weapons||Copied version of China|
|Russian Sukhoi Su-33||Chinese Shenyang J-15 Flying Shark|
|Lockheed Martin F-35B Lightning II||Shenyang J-31|
|The Yakovlev Yak-130||Hongdu L-15 Falcon supersonic trainer|
|Russian Sukhoi Su-27||Shenyang J-11|
|Antonov An-12 Cub transport aircraft||Chinese Shaanxi Y-9 Transport Aircraft|
|Northrop Grumman X-47B Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV)||Chinese Lijian Sharp Sword UCAV|
|Northrop Grumman MQ-8 Fire Scout unmanned helo (U.S.)||Chinese SVU-200 Flying Tiger unmanned helo|
|General Atomics MQ-1 Predator UAV (U.S.)||Chengdu Wing Loong “Pterodactyl” UAV|
|2S19 Msta-S Self-Propelled Howitzer (Russia)||Chinese PLZ-05 Self-Propelled Howitzer|
|AM General HMMWV Humvee Light Truck (U.S.)||Chinese Dongfeng EQ2050 Brave Soldier|
|BM-30 Smerch “Whirlwind” multiple rocket launcher (Russia)||Chinese PHL03 multiple rocket launcher|
|Russian BMP-1 amphibious infantry fighting vehicle||Chinese WZ-501 amphibious infantry fighting vehicle|
|U.S. M-4A1||Chinese CQ 5.56mm Assault Carbine|
|FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank missile (U.S.)||Chinese Hongjian-12 Red Arrow anti-tank missile|
Source: USNI News
Also read: India can force China to dance to its tune, here’s how
India deployed S-400 along the LAC
The growing economic mismanagement has ignited internal discontentment in China. Traditionally, the internal conflict in authoritarian countries has direct implications on relationships with their neighbours. To pacify the internal conflict, the totalitarian rulers try to ignite external conflict. In this scenario, the conflict in the future is going to rise with India, as the cases of intrusion will further increase.
VR Chaudhari, India’s Air Chief Marshal highlighting the Chinese jet’s provocation, said, “Chinese aircraft activity is closely monitored by us. Whenever we see Chinese aircraft or remotely piloted aircraft coming too close to the LAC, we take appropriate measures by scrambling or putting our aircraft on higher alert. This has deterred them quite a lot,…”
In a range of counter-security measures, India has recently deployed its state-of-the-art military hardware along the LAC. In its military build-up, India deployed Apache attack helicopters, Chinook weight lifting helicopters, Rafale combat jets, advanced versions of SWITCH tactical drones for high-altitude areas like Ladakh, and Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) System.
Also Read: Jaishankar gives peace of his mind to “expansionist China”
Further, India has also started to deploy the recently procured S-400 Triumf surface-to-air missile systems along the Chinese borders. The capabilities of the S-400 to detect and destroy hostile fighters, strategic bombers, missiles, and drones at long ranges will deter the Chinese provocation.
The S-400’s capabilities to track about 100 airborne targets and engage six of them simultaneously. Within the range of 400 km at an altitude of up to 30 kilometres, the aircraft will provide a deterrent effect on Chinese jets.
Their J-11 copied-flankers will become ineffective within 400 kilometres along the Line of Actual Control. So, India’s S-400 deployment will bring an end to the provocative fly-out of Chinese jets along the border.
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