The Haryana Assembly passed a Bill on the 4th of March to reserve 75 per cent of the private-sector jobs in the state for the people of Haryana. This move sparked controversy in business communities across the board, terming it as ‘unconstitutional’. Due to this, three industrialists moved to Punjab and Haryana High court and filed an appeal to remove the domicile-based reservation system.
The Bill articulates that “every employer shall employ 75 per cent of the local candidates with respect to such posts where the gross monthly salary or wages are not more than Rs. 50,000 or as notified by the government from time to time.”
Read More- Under pressure from Dushyant Chautala, Haryana govt is pushing job reservations. And this will destroy Gurugram
There is no dispute with the fact that such populist moves ultimately hurt the people of the state the most. For instance, the recent bill passed by the Khattar-led government in Haryana is going to hamper the employment process of the state because there will be no point for industrialists to join the parade, hence they will simply walk off and consider other options such as Noida.
Haryana once claimed to be one of the richest Indian states. Within Haryana, Gurugram and Faridabad are the top employers and income generators of the state. The two cities will be facing most of the consequences. The city of Gurugram dreamt of being the top IT hub of the country, but now if the reservation law stands in the court, the dream of Gurugram might be long gone.
Sandeep Jain, MD of an automotive parts manufacturer, Solo Group, said, “Employable youth in Gurgaon is nearly absent. It will be disastrous for existing industries who want to expand and employ more.”
Post-1991, India is a liberal economy that got freedom from the shackles of socialism, hence follows the globalised market policy, which gives freedom to the industrialist to set up the companies and run on their terms and conditions. It means an industrialist can employ workers according to the capabilities of the employee. Any industrialist will not be forced by the state to employ according to the state’s wishes. Article 19 clause (g) clearly states, “Freedom to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.” The Haryana Job reservation law is allegedly in violation of these privileges laid down by the constitution.
Meanwhile, the reservation laws passed by the Haryana assembly seems to undermine the free-market policy of the government. The domicile-based reservation policy is the brainchild of Dushyant Singh Chautala, chief of the Jannayak Janta party, and also an election gimmick in the Haryana assembly election in 2019.
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But, many BJP and RSS leaders are criticising the move of the Khattar government. It will be wiser for the BJP leadership in Haryana to reconsider the reservation move and bring it to the negotiation table with Chautala. Either Dushyant Chautala must retract from his reservation policy or it’s high time for the BJP-led government to consider dissolving the assembly. By dissolving the state assembly, the Khattar led government will be sending a clear message that the BJP is not a party that believes in populist gimmicks, and rather than thinking about only one state, the ruling party is considering the economy at large.
I think Kamalnath govt. in MP had 70% reservation for locals. Unless the reservations are on the caste lines I don’t find them to be a major problem. Your assessment is based on the intention that businesses should thrive only in Haryana. I don’t agree with that!
I think such a law should be passed by central govt. What this will do is move the industries to the areas where cheap labor is available, in other words, poor areas of the country. Labor dislocation will reduce and overall it will be good for the people. Having concentrated sectors of industrial areas is no longer necessary in a world which is digitally connected and managed. There will be some level of labor dislocation necessary, but for that limit could be brought down to 50-60%.
You said “the globalised market policy, which gives freedom to the industrialist to set up the companies and run on their terms and conditions.” I think this is a problem because govt. should look at the problems of both the laborers and the businesses, not just one. What central govt. should ensure is that industries get the same quality and quantity of support all over India so that they can properly utilize the local labors.
I know what I have said is a highly debatable idea, but think like a normal dislocated labor. How they have to survive in almost foreign environments. Industries promise a lot of services, but they rarely deliver because the govt. watchdogs are sold out and poor laborers have to work and live like slaves. If you remember, the person who died under Salman’s car was a laborer sleeping on the road. Did anyone ask, why did a labor had to sleep on the road when he was employed? Did the employer (it wasn’t an industry), by the law, not obligated to provide him decent accommodation? I can give several such examples, but I am giving the most controversial one.
Bottom-line is, industrial policy should be such that makes companies go to labors and not the other way round, because track record of companies with labor rights is pathetic and govt. authorities are completely sold out.
If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich….Kennedy said this.
Unlike the many executive decision areas in which our judiciary keeps poking its nose rampantly & relentlessly, this was one decision against which our SC should have taken should moto cognizance & intervened ! But alas – the Milords chose to close their eyes ! The local reservation policy is a complete disaster – & one can only hope that some one rescues the state before it is too late 😳