Aksai Chin is a region that is currently controlled by China, but is also claimed by India. The area is located in the western part of China’s Xinjiang region, and it is an important strategic location for China because it is located along the border with India.
History of Aksai Chin
Since the late 1950s, there has been a bone of contention between India and China over Aksai Chin, which was the focal point of the 1962 India-China War.
The 38,000 square kilometre region in northern India, which is a part of the Indian Union Territory of Jammu has now been entirely and illegally occupied by China post 1962 war.
The Chinese military, which can easily mobilise its forces from the east to the west, might use this as a force multiplier but according to New Delhi, which government closely monitors China’s infrastructure development along the border. After more than 33 months of the border deadlock, Delhi believes that Beijing’s announcement must be interpreted as a spy-ops.
India’s response to China’s salami slicing
In India, the present border with China is not seen as a normal international “border.” Line of Actual Control in the north of India and McMahon Line in the northeast are the names of the unresolved international boundaries, which have their origins in imperial British cartographic errors. Henry McMahon, a British administrator, led the effort to settle the boundary dispute with the then-Chinese rulers in 1914.
In response to China’s expansion mentality, India has already accelerated its work on strategic railway lines near the Line of Actual Control with China and has already released the relevant project reports (DPRs). The total railway network of New Delhi near the Line of Actual Control (in the northern region) and the McMahon Line (in the northeast) that it shares with China will be 1,352 km.
Connections to the border in the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh include the Missamari-Tenga-Tawang railway line (378 km), the Pasighat-Tezu-Rupai line (227 km) and the North Lakhimpur-Bame-Silapathar route (249 km).
In reference to China’s illegitimate takeover of Aksai Chin following the 1962 India-China war, a parliamentary resolution passed by the Indian government in 1962 declared New Delhi’s “strong commitment to drive out the aggressor from the sacred soil of India.
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