In the White Man’s Burden philosophy, Britishers have traditionally argued in favour of the imperial conquest of those whom they considered lesser than. During the colonial period, it was argued that white people carry a selfless moral duty to conquer non-whites and civilize them. They propounded the belief that non-whites lack modern social and political acumen. They are barbarians and their peaceful co-existence as a society is not possible. Consequently, colonial rule is imperative to bring them at par with the white skins in overall developmental parameters. But, busting the very false narrative of British colonial powers, India now has set its own criterion of development. And, the country’s social, economic, political, and international rise has deconstructed every narrative of imperial rule.
Britishers and their foot soldiers in India have always doubted the potential of Indians. They believed that India’s cultural heterogeneity will not let the country grow as a modern state. But, proving everyone wrong, Indian civilization not only maintained political and territorial integrity but also developed a robust economic structure that allowed the nation to thrive.
India Beat United Kingdom
A recent report published in Bloomberg has stated that Britain has been ousted by India from its position as the world’s fifth largest economy. Based on the GDP figures of the International Monetary Fund, Bloomberg stated that the former British colony, India, left the United Kingdom behind in 2021 to become the fifth largest economy in the world.
The IMF data shows that in the first quarter of 2021, where the size of the Indian economy was valued at USD 854.7 billion in nominal cash terms, the United Kingdom struggled with USD 816 billion.
It is reported that the UK’s economy is further going to fall considering the current GDP growth rate. The UK’s GDP grew by just 1% in the second quarter of 2021 and after the inflation adjustment, it shrank by 0.1%. India, with a more than 7% GDP growth rate, is the world’s fastest-growing economy.
How India is Outperforming British
The data is significant from the fact that a decade ago, India ranked 11th among the world’s largest economies and the United Kingdom was leading at the 5th position. However, since the 2008 Financial Crisis, Britain’s economy is in total doldrum and the growth rate has completely stagnated. On the other hand, India took a spike jump in the growth chart and left behind its colonizer in the economic game.
Although, there are many micro and macroeconomic factors behind this global economic rebalancing. But the two factors that drove these phenomena are – the change in economic policies of India and the United Kingdom’s own growth stagnation.
The benefits of the first industrial revolution in the United Kingdom have reached their saturation point. They are now a developed economy. Their infrastructure has reached its peak and industrial output is limited. Further, the ageing population has outsourced its manufacturing base to a developing country like India and the country has become a complete service-based economy. In this economic and social saturation, the room for development is limited. Further, the Brexit scenario aggravated the situation. The privilege of the common European economic market has been snatched and Britain has suffered a huge loss due to the negative impact of Brexit. Consequently, the British economy is creeping on a GDP growth trajectory.
On the other hand, taking a great leap forward in industrial and service development, India has constantly maintained a growth rate of 7%. Strong domestic demand and a young population are the driving force behind India’s growth. Inflation is in control and foreign investment is skyrocketing. The manufacturing output of industries is at a peak and exports are at an all-time high with USD 669 Billion. Further, the success of the startup culture and the growth of MSMEs kept unemployment in check. Also, the macroeconomic policies of India were proactive and with big reforms like GST and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, the government successfully helped businesses revive in the post-Covid period.
Although India has set its own goal to become a developed nation but beating its erstwhile colonizer in the economic game has cleared many doubts. An imperial racist power, that ruled us for 200 years, has now been left behind. The theory of White Man’s Burden and the myth of India’s independent existence has been busted. Now, India is not only leading in economic terms but is also reclaiming its forgotten illustrious past. The last surviving civilization of the world, India, now looks ready to become the Sone Ki Chidiya.
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